Court rejects passing-on defence and itself assesses cartel damage

In a noteworthy judgment of 10 June 2015, the Court of Gelderland ordered Alstom to pay TenneT EUR 14.1 million in damages on the grounds of the role it had played in the gas-insulated switchgear cartel. Interesting aspects of the judgment are the rejection of the passing-on defence and the manner in which the damage was assessed by the civil court. Read more >

Follow-on cartel damages claims: the Netherlands still a popular jurisdiction

For quite some time, the Netherlands has been considered one of the most popular jurisdictions in Europe for bringing (follow-on) cartel damage claims. This blog will outline these recent developments. Read more >

What is to be expected of supervision of e-commerce by ACM and the European Commission?

Vertical agreements and e-commerce in particular have recently been the focus of attention in the Netherlands and abroad. The Netherlands Authority for Consumers and Markets (“ACM”) published its position on vertical agreements on 20 April 2015. Shortly before that time the European Commission had announced its intention to commence a sector inquiry into e commerce. These developments may have major consequences for producers and distributors. What will the effects be on their (Internet) distribution agreements? Read more >

Judgments in the Degussa and Akzo cases: erosion of the European leniency programme?

The appeals filed by Degussa and Akzo against the (proposed) publication of an amended public version of a fine order of the European Commission were recently disallowed by the General Court. This new order was to state the entire content of the order, including information provided with regard to the leniency application. It remains to be seen what implications these judgments will have on the tension between transparency on the one hand and an effective leniency programme on the other hand. Read more >

E-commerce and ‘best price’: the outside scrutiny factor

Unlike numerous other European Member States, the Netherlands Authority for Consumers & Markets (Autoriteit Consument & Markt; “ACM’’) has stayed aloof from investigations into vertical restraints. In the past years it has not imposed any fines in either online or offline cases involving resale price maintenance. In other Member States, such as Germany and the United Kingdom, these type of restraints have in fact been scrutinized. The European Commission is now also stepping in. Read more >

Enforcing ban on cartels: more carrot, but also more stick?

Competition authorities have two instruments in investigating and penalizing cartels: the stick of high fines and the carrot of leniency for parties that come forward and report their involvement in a cartel. With regard to the carrot, the Netherlands Authority for Consumers and Markets (Autoriteit Consument en Markt; “ACM”) made significant progress last year. Unlike in the past, immunity will be possible in future after ACM has already launched an investigation into the cartel. Read more >

Dutch courts have no need for Antitrust Damages Directive

This last year Dutch courts have clarified the rules on what is known as the “passing on” defence. The European Commission had previously stated that it considered such a defence legitimate, but the rulings of Dutch courts in such cases were not yet unequivocal. They were able to state their opinion on this point again this last year. Read more >

Autumn trends for 2023
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